Dubai is located in the northeast part of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It shares borders with two other UAE Emirates – Abu Dhabi and Sharjah as well as a border with the Sultanate of Oman. The entire western shoreline of Dubai borders the Persian Gulf.
Dubai lies approximately sixteen meters above sea level and is around 4,000 square kilometers in size. Although located in the midst of the Arabian Desert, the city of Dubai the geography and topography is significantly unique than the southern parts of the United Arab Emirates. Much of the Dubai landscape is a type of dessert sand made of finely crushed corals and shells in contrast to the gravel deserts that cover large areas further to the south. The bigger sand dunes located to the east of Dubai feature a red tinge to the sand due to the high content of iron oxide.
The relatively flat, sandy desert to the west of Dubai is located at the base of the Hajar Mountains which borders Dubai with Hatta and Oman. These rugged rocky mountains provide a jagged landscape to the area with some as soaring higher than 1,000 meters. The Dubai geography in this area doesn’t incorporate elements of oasis or rivers however the foot of this mountain range does have a number of dubai desert waterholes and gorges called “wadis” that can become swollen with water after periods of rain.
The south of Dubai is made up of a vast area of sand dunes that is known desert referred to as “The Empty Quarter.” In accordance to industry experts, Dubai is free of charge from any seismic activity and tsunamis mainly due to the fact that the waters of the Persian Gulf are quite shallow.
The Dubai desert includes many varieties of wild grasses and date palm trees. Native trees to Dubai include the date palm and Neem and there is also a number of imported vegetation such as the eucalyptus tree many of which are now mature in many of Dubai’s’ parks and gardens.
The popular Dubai creek runs northeast to southwest through the city of Dubai. The east part of the Dubai which is known as the “old part of town” is Deira is bordered by Sharjah, another Emirate within the UAE. The east and also the west sections of Dubai are connected by the Al Maktoum Bridge, Al Garhoud Bridge and Al Shindagha tunnel which all cross the Dubai Creek.